Kesemestaan

Universality
The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, in which all Societies have equal status and share equal responsibilities and duties in helping each other, is worldwide.

Analysis of the Fundamental principle of Universality
The text under the Fundamental principle of Universality includes the following elements:

  • the Movement is worldwide;
  • all Societies have equal status in the Movement;
  • all Societies share equal responsibilities and duties in helping each other.

Consequences of the Fundamental principle of Universality
The consequences of the principle of Universality are threefold:

  • one of the objectives of the Movement is to become universal, since it is one of the Movement’s strengths that it has a National Society in almost every country of the world. There are a number of States which so far do not have a recognised National Society. However, this is to be seen as a temporary situation: once obstacles preventing Societies of those States to be recognised are lifted, the Movement will become truly global;
  • solidarity between National Societies, which is the basis for cooperation between Societies;
  • with regard to decision-making, all Societies carry one vote at the Federation’s General Assembly, the Council of Delegates and the International Conference, irrelevant of their size or wealth.

Sumber: http://www.ifrc.org/what/values/principles/universality.asp

Kesatuan

Unity
There can be only one Red Cross or one Red Crescent Society in any one country. It must be open to all. It must carry on its humanitarian work throughout its territory.

Analysis of the Fundamental principle of Unity
The text under the Fundamental principle of Unity are threefold – each aspect directly matches each sentence of that principle’s text; these aspects are also included in the conditions for recognition of National Societies by the ICRC:

  • there can be only one Red Cross or one Red Crescent Society in any one country;
  • a National Society must be open to all;
  • a National Society must carry on its humanitarian work throughout its territory.

Consequences of the Fundamental principle of Unity
The consequences of the principle of Unity are quite easy to analyse from the text:

  • a National Society could oppose to the creation of another Red Cross of Red Crescent Society in its country. As States have agreed to Fundamental Principles, they have an obligation to ensure that no other Society can be created on their territory if they have already recognised a National Society;
  • a National Society has to open its membership to a broad base in the population. It has to recruit its members from all the ethnic, social and other groups in the country to ensure better efficiency of its action. In any case, any discrimination in the recruitment of members would be a violation of the principle of Unity;.
  • a National Society has to be active in all parts of the country. This does not necessarily mean that the level of activities has to be the same country-wide: the principle of Impartiality may well justify that more activities are undertaken in the parts of a country where the needs are the largest. But what it prohibits is that a region is excluded from the activities of a National Society in a discriminatory manner (e.g. for reasons related with religion, ethnicity, etc.).

Sumber: http://www.ifrc.org/what/values/principles/unity.asp

Kesukarelaan

Voluntary service
It is a voluntary relief movement not prompted in any manner by desire for gain.

Analysis of the Fundamental principle of Voluntary service
The text under the Fundamental principle of Voluntary service includes the following elements:

  • the Movement is a voluntary relief movement;
  • the Movement is not prompted in any manner by desire for gain.


Consequences of the Fundamental principle of Voluntary service
The consequences of the principle of Voluntary service are as follows:

  • the Movement is a volunteer-based organisation;
  • if the Movement fails to recognize the value of voluntary it is in danger of becoming bureaucratic, losing touch with a vital source of motivation, inspiration and initiative, and of cutting off the roots which maintain its contact with human needs and enable it to meet them;
  • Voluntary service, a source of economy. Imagine how much suffering would have to be neglected, for lack of means, if all the work done by volunteers had to be paid for. It is sometimes sufficient to have a relatively small but motivated support staff, with the necessary minimum of financial resources, to enable volunteers to render community services whose cost could never be borne either by the National Society or by the State.

Sumber: http://www.ifrc.org/what/values/principles/voluntary.asp

Kemandirian

Independence
The Movement is independent. The National Societies, while auxiliaries in the humanitarian services of their governments and subject to the laws of their respective countries, must always maintain their autonomy so that they may be able at all times to act in accordance with the principles of the Movement.

Analysis of the Fundamental principle of Independence
The text under the Fundamental principle of Independence includes the following elements:

  • a strong general statement that, as a matter of principle, the Movement is independent;
  • more detailed explanations on the specific case of National Societies regarding independence: this puts the focus on the balance between, on the one hand, their status as auxiliary to public authorities in the humanitarian field and their submission to national law, and on the other hand, the need to maintain their autonomy.


Consequences of the Fundamental Principle of Independence
The consequences of the principle of Independence are

  • independence is one of the key elements that the Movement wants to maintain, despite the fact that no concrete consequences are explicitly defined by the principle itself. In its broadest sense, the principle of independence is understood as meaning that the Red Cross and Red Crescent must resist any interference, whether political, ideological or economic, capable of diverting it from the course of action laid down by the requirements of humanity, impartiality and neutrality;
  • the need for National Societies to enjoy a status allowing them to act at all times in accordance with the principles of the Movement. This has consequences on the legal status of National Societies in their country, their relations to public authorities, etc. The degree of autonomy necessary to a National Society cannot be defined uniformly and absolutely, since it depends partly on the political, economic and social conditions in the country. It must be free to relinquish certain tasks or to change its priorities in accordance with the material and human resources at its disposal. Its role as auxiliary to the public authorities does not in the least prevent a National Society from freely choosing the activities it carries out completely independently of the State.
  • The violation of the Fundamental Principle of Independence is often perceived as a serious threat to the integrity of a National Society. However, the debate on the independence of the Movement is broader than the question of the relationship between public authorities and a National Society, although that last aspect is a very important one.

Sumber: http://www.ifrc.org/what/values/principles/independence.asp

Kenetralan

Neutrality
In order to continue to enjoy the confidence of all, the Movement may not take sides in hostilities or engage at any time in controversies of a political, racial, religious or ideological nature.

Analysis of the Fundamental Principle of Neutrality
The text under the Fundamental principle of Neutrality includes three elements:

  • the purpose of complying with the principle of Neutrality is to enjoy the confidence of all. Implicitly, this compliance with the principle of Neutrality is also a condition for operational efficiency, which requires confidence of all in many contexts, i.e. not only in armed conflicts contexts;
  • the principle of Neutrality prohibits a component of the Movement from taking part in hostilities;
  • the principle of Neutrality prohibits the Movement from engaging at any time in controversies of a political, racial, religious or ideological nature.

Consequences of the Fundamental principle of Neutrality
The consequences of the principle of Neutrality are the following:Sumer

  • neutrality implies not acting in a way that could facilitate the conduct of hostilities by any of the parties involved. The role of National Societies as auxiliaries to public authorities in the humanitarian field when they assist medical services of armed forces – i.e. when they fulfill the initial function of National Societies – should not be seen as taking part in hostilities;
  • the neutrality includes many dimensions. Only the day-to-day acts and words of a National Society can constitute an evidence of its respect of the principle of Neutrality. For instance, if a National Society branch expresses sympathy for a movement, a cause or a political figure, for example by permitting the latter to take advantage of Red Cross or Red Crescent membership for electoral purposes, many volunteers may cancel their membership. If a dispensary run by a National Society also displays a religious affiliation in a country in which there is tension between the members of different faiths, many patients will no longer wish or dare to come for treatment. In other words, neutrality is a state of mind, an attitude which must guide every step taken by the Movement’s components;
  • due to the character of communication today, the violation of the principle of Neutrality by a component of the Movement can easily affect the image of other components and, thus, their ability to work in a given context. Therefore, the principle of Neutrality is to be seen in a global perspective.

Sumber: http://www.ifrc.org/what/values/principles/neutrality.asp

    Kesamaan

    Impartiality
    It makes no discrimination as to nationality, race, religious beliefs, class or political opinions. It endeavours to relieve the suffering of individuals, being guided solely by their needs, and to give priority to the most urgent cases of distress.

    Analysis of the Fundamental Principle of Impartiality
    The text under the Fundamental Principle of Impartiality includes the following elements:

    • the Movement makes no discrimination – and this does not apply only to people it assists or protects. Non-discrimination is the refusal to apply distinctions of an adverse nature to human beings simply because they belong to a specific category. This does not exclude differences in the treatment given to people placed in different situations on the basis of, for example, sex or age. Five criteria which could lead to discrimination are mentioned: nationality, race, religious beliefs, class or political opinions. However, other factors which may lead to a discrimination are not mentioned. Depending on circumstances, a different treatment based on sex may be a discrimination or not.
    • all those in need shall be helped, yet to treat everyone in the same way without taking into account how much they are suffering, or how urgent their needs are, would not be equitable. Impartiality means that, for the Movement, the only priority that can be set in dealing with those who require help must be based on need, and the order in which available aid is shared out must correspond to the urgency of the distress it is intended to relieve.


    Consequences of the Fundamental principle of Impartiality
    The consequences of the principle of Impartiality are as follows:

    • it establishes one of its key values: non-discrimination, which is one of the most important elements of all aspects of the protection of the human being: human rights law, humanitarian law, refugee law.
    • although the need to “enjoy the confidence of all” is mentioned about the principle of Neutrality, this also applies to the principle of Impartiality. Only an impartial action can give the image of an organization that can be trusted by people to be assisted or protected. Therefore, systems have to be put in place to ensure that the people benefitting from the action of the Red Cross and Red Crescent are those whose vulnerability is the highest.
    • impartiality in its true sense requires that subjective distinctions be set aside. To illustrate the difference between the two notions: a National Society that refuses to provide its services to a specific group of people, because of their ethnic origin, fails to observe the rule of non-discrimination; whereas a National Society staff member who, in the exercise of his functions, favours a friend by giving him better treatment than that given to others, contravenes the principle of impartiality. Therefore, staff and volunteers should be trained to ensure that correct behaviour becomes almost a reflex.

    Sumber:  http://www.ifrc.org/what/values/principles/impartiality.asp

    Kemanusian

    Humanity
    The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, born of a desire to bring assistance without discrimination to the wounded on the battlefield, endeavours, in its international and national capacity, to prevent and alleviate human suffering wherever it may be found. Its purpose is to protect life and health and to ensure respect for the human being. It promotes mutual understanding, friendship, cooperation and lasting peace amongst all peoples.

    Analysis of the Fundamental Principle of Humanity
    The text under the Fundamental Principle of Humanity includes the following elements:

    • it recalls the origins of the Movement: “born of a desire to bring assistance without discrimination to the wounded on the battlefield”;
    • it recalls the double dimension of the Movement: the national and the international one;
    • it defines the mission of the Movement: “to prevent and alleviate human suffering wherever it may be found”;
    • it defines the purposes of the Movement:
    • to protect life and health;
    • to ensure respect for the human being;
    • to promote mutual understanding, friendship, cooperation and lasting peace amongst all peoples.


    Consequences of the Fundamental principle of Humanity
    The consequences of the principle of Humanity are not so much boundaries and guidelines for the action, as the other Fundamental Principles are: the principle of Humanity is rather a constant reminder of what the objectives of the Movement are. The principle of Humanity expresses what the Movement places beyond anything else: the need to act in order to prevent and alleviate human suffering.

    Sumber:  http://www.ifrc.org/what/values/principles/humanity.asp

    7 Prinsip Gerakan Palang Merah dan Bulan Sabit Merah

    Kemanusiaan- Humanity
    Gerakan Palang Merah dan Bulan sabit Merah Internasional didirikan berdasarkan keinginan memberi pertolongan tanpa membedakan korban yang terluka di dalam pertempuran, mencegah dan mengatasi penderitaan sesama manusia. Palang Merah menumbuhkan saling pengertian, persahabatan, kerjasama dan perdamaian abadi bagi sesama manusia.


    The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, born of a desire to bring assistance without discrimination to the wounded on the battlefield, endeavours, in its international and national capacity, to prevent and alleviate human suffering wherever it may be found. Its purpose is to protect life and health and to ensure respect for the human being. It promotes mutual understanding, friendship, cooperation and lasting peace amongst all peoples.

    Kesamaan- Impartiality
    Gerakan ini tidak membuat perbedaan atas dasar kebangsaan, kesukuan, agama atau pandangan politik. Tujuannya semata-mata mengurangi penderitaan manusia sesuai dengan kebutuhannya dan medahulukan keadaan yang paling parah.


    It makes no discrimination as to nationality, race, religious beliefs, class or political opinions. It endeavours to relieve the suffering of individuals, being guided solely by their needs, and to give priority to the most urgent cases of distress

    Kenetralan- Neutrality
    Agar senantiasa mendapat kepercayaan dari semua pihak, gerakan ini tidak boleh memihak atau melibatkan diri dalam pertentangan politik, kesukuan, agama atau ideologi.


    In order to continue to enjoy the confidence of all, the Movement may not take sides in hostilities or engage at any time in controversies of a political, racial, religious or ideological nature.

    Kemandirian- Independence
    Gerakan ini bersifat mandiri. Perhimpunan nasional disamping membantu Pemerintahnya dalam bidang kemanusiaan, juga harus mentaati peraturan negaranya, harus selalu menjaga otonominya sehingga dapat bertindak sejalan dengan prinsip-prinsip gerakan ini.


    The Movement is independent. The National Societies, while auxiliaries in the humanitarian services of their governments and subject to the laws of their respective countries, must always maintain their autonomy so that they may be able at all times to act in accordance with the principles of the Movement.

    Kesukarelaan – Voluntary service

    Gerakan ini adalah gerakan pemberi bantuan sukarela, yang tidak didasari oleh keinginan untuk mencari keuntungan apa pun.


    It is a voluntary relief movement not prompted in any manner by desire for gain

    Kesatuan – Unity

    Di dalam suatu negara hanya ada satu perhimpunan Palang Merah dan Bulan Sabit Merah yang terbuka untuk semua orang dan melaksanakan tugas kemanusiaan di seluruh wilayah.

    There can be only one Red Cross or one Red Crescent Society in any one country. It must be open to all. It must carry on its humanitarian work throughout its territory

    Kesemestaan - Universality

    Gerakan Palang Merah dan Bulan Sabit Merah Internasional adalah bersifat semesta. Setiap Perhimpunan Nasional mempunyai hak dan tanggung jawab yang sama dalam menolong sesama manusia.

    The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, in which all Societies have equal status and share equal responsibilities and duties in helping each other, is worldwide